This paper deals with the issue of sexual violence against girls and women in Jamaica. Youth Unemployment Rate in Jamaica increased to 28 percent in the third quarter of 2020 from 16.30 percent in the first quarter of 2020. Known for violence on a daily basis, Jamaica is frequently criticized for its lack in upholding human rights. And m ost ordinary Jamaicans think that "high level" corruption is rife. They identified that there were key push factors including unemployment, unstable families, attraction to the ‘fast life’, exposure to violence and a negative community environment which drove youth to become perpetrators of violence. Adolescent and Youth Health - 2017 Country Profile Jamaica RISK FACTORS Sources: GSHS - Global School Health Survey (WHO) GYTS - Global Youth Tobacco Survey (PAHO) OAS - Report on Drug Use in the Americas Male Female Total Total 1980-19851985-19901990-19951995-20002000-20052005-20102010-2015 0 50 100 150 64 28 67 46 Click to see a list of surveys that STATIN will be undertaking in 2019. However, the country has progressed steadily in regards to these rights, in particular by adopting the Convention on the Rights of Children (CRC) along with the law to care for and protect minors. Gender-based violence (GBV) or violence against women and girls (VAWG), is a global pandemic that affects 1 in 3 women in their lifetime. STATIN’s survey programme begun in 1968 with the Labour Force Survey and has expanded over the years to include both routine and ad hoc surveys. Violence against women and girls is a human rights violation. Jamaica similarly represents this paradox; though Bob Marley’s music resonates peace and love around the world, today Jamaica is known for its widespread poverty and high gun crime. The paper points out that because the social discrimination against women, particularly with regards to sexual violence, is often exacerbated by the criminal justice system, many women in the country are reluctant to report incidences of gender based violence to the police. Youth Unemployment Rate in Jamaica averaged 27.45 percent from 2012 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 37 percent in the second quarter of 2013 and a record low of 16.30 percent in the first quarter of 2020. It includes a range of acts from bullying and physical fighting, to more severe sexual and physical assault to homicide. State Minister in the Ministry of Education, Youth and Information, Hon. “At JFJ, we are concerned that Jamaica’s social environment predisposes certain children, especially poor children, to becoming entangled in the criminal justice system. In fact, women age 16 to 24 experience the highest per capita rate of intimate partner violence.i Teen dating violence is prevalent and teens may also be exposed to domestic violence in their homes. Youth are disproportionately represented in the ranks of both victims and perpetrators of crime and violence. It called for urgent action by the government to implement the National Plan of Action for an Integrated Response to Children and Violence … The extent of the problem Youth homicide rates In 2000, an estimated 199000 youth homicides (9.2per100000population)occurredglobally.In other words, an average of 565 children, adoles-cents and young adults between the ages of 10 and 29 years die each day as a result of interpersonal violence. prevalence of intimate partner violence in jamaica: implications for prevention and intervention August 2016 International Journal of Child Youth and Family Studies 7(3-4):343 When it is not fatal, youth violence has a serious, often lifelong, impact on a person's physical, psychological and social functioning. Violence is believed to begin in the home, Sutton said, and it was found that Caribbean inhabitants had a higher tolerance of violence against women and children compared to Latin America. Approximately 40 per cent of the population report that they currently use alcohol. In 2005, according to International statistics, Jamaica was the “Murder capital of the World”. Olympic Champion Shelly-Ann Fraser appointed as UNICEF Jamaica Goodwill Ambassador. Rapidly increasing rates of violence and One in three women worldwide experience physical or sexual violence mostly by an intimate partner. Since the outbreak of COVID-19, emerging data and reports from those on the front lines, have shown that all types of violence against women and girls, particularly domestic violence, has intensified. The UNDP report estimates that youth crime in Jamaica is costing the country as much as 3.21 per cent of its gross domestic product (GDP). Together with a labor market that does not adapt easily to changes, high crime rates have created a vicious cycle by which young people struggling with the lack of economic opportunities turn to illegal activities and crime, further depressing growth. Police statistics in Jamaica has shown that since the year 1999 Jamaica’s crime rate has steadily risen. We all need to fully recognize how inter-related poverty, education, crime, and youth development are. The country's rapes per capita rate is the 6th highest in the world for the period 1998 - 2000, at 0.4766 per 1,000 of the population. International Journal of Child, Youth and Family Studies (2016) 7(3/4): 343–363 345 (e.g., IACHR, 2012; Ustanny, 2006; Stop Violence Against Women, 2014), Jamaica lags behind many countries in taking action against violence against women. 1,109 students were placed on a monitoring list, 2,361 cautioned and 201 students were arrested. The Violence Interrupters (i) identify and detect potential shooting events KINGSTON, Jamaica — Minister of National Security Dr Horace Chang says that up to the end of 2019, there were 389 gangs in Jamaica. It has also been argued that a lack Alando Terrelonge, delivering the keynote address at the Department of Correctional Services’ (DCS) appreciation luncheon for teachers and instructors serving in the penal system, at the Terra … Jamaica's geographical position means that it is susceptible to drug related crime, it’s not short of non-drug related crimes. understand and prevent youth violence. Undoubtedly, yes, but most of it is restricted to certain hot spots, as it is in every other country in the world. Deaths and injuries from youth violence constitute a major threat to public health and social and economic progress across the Caribbean. In fact, in 2006, 75.2% of all murders committed in Jamaica involved the use of guns. United Nations, documents the findings of youth violence in sixteen (16) Caribbean countries. Core competencies, healthy development, and violence prevention The Jamaica Youth Survey emphasises five core competencies linked to healthy development and prevention of youth problem behaviours including violence. Mitigating the impact of armed violence on children and communities in the Caribbean and Central America The OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book (SBB) enables users to access online information via OJJDP's Web site to learn more about juvenile crime and victimization and about youth involved in the juvenile justice system. The study, which focused on violence in the workplace, homes and families, schools and institutions, communities and on the streets, reports a high number of children in the Caribbean witnessing Dating violence affects women regardless of their age, but teens are particularly vulnerable. In Jamaica, youth reported feeling most vulnerable to gun violence, rape and police-directed violence. Youth Crime Watch of Jamaica (YCWJ) is one of the 26 international affiliates of Youth Crime Watch of America (YCWA) headquartered in Miami. Jamaica: Unchecked Homophobic Violence Discriminatory Laws, Inadequate Police Protection A homeless youth from the LGBT community sits in the sewer where he lives in Kingston, Jamaica. South Africa … The session was organised by UNICEF Jamaica, the Office of the Children's Advocate, and the Ministry of Education, Youth and Information. Youth and Violence in Jamaica The high level of violence in disadvantaged communities is a pressing concern of the Gove rnment of Jamaica, civil society, and the international community for several decades (Blank, 2001; Moser & Holland, 1999). Cataloging-in-Publication data provided by the Inter-American Development Bank Felipe Herrera Library Harriott, Anthony D. Crime and violence in Jamaica: IDB series on crime and violence in the Caribbean / The Violence Interruption Program (VIP) works to break the cycle of violence for youth in Jamaican communities through using trained Violence Interrupters (VIs), who are community residents highly-respected by the children, youth and adults in their neighborhoods. It is estimated that because of youth crime, Jamaica loses US$4.3 million in potential investment each year while a further US$95 million, which would flow into Jamaica through tourism, goes elsewhere. The number of murders and other violence causes Jamaica to have one of the highest crime rates in the world. National Council on Drug Abuse 2016National Drug Prevalence Survey Findingsn Alcohol continues to be the drug most widely used in Jamaica. Statistics. The Statistical Institute of Jamaica (STATIN) has a rich history of conducting surveys and censuses in Jamaica. Former Child Soldier and current UNICEF Advocate encourages Jamaican Youth. Crime and violence are one of the key bottlenecks to growth in the Caribbean. The numbers are staggering: 35% of women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence. Data from the Ministry of National Security’s Safe School Programme indicated that during the 2012/2013 academic year, 3,671 students were cited for antisocial behaviours of varying degrees. Violence and Crime in Jamaica. Do we really have high levels of violence and crime in Jamaica? As described elsewhere,^ there is a substantial empirical literature linking each competency with adjustment and prevention outcomes. This study draws on assessment data on youth violence in five CARICOM Member States: Antigua and Barbuda, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago using a completed 51-item quantitative questionnaire from approximately 512 students. Youth violence is a global public health problem. 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